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The VRA requires that all videos must have a certificate from the BBFC.

If the BBFC refuses a certificate a video is effectively banned for home viewing, but not necessarily in the cinema.

Twenty more states were considering such legislation in 2001–2002.—that depict sexually explicit activities involving a child. The Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA) issues ratings for motion pictures exhibited and distributed commercially to the public in the United States; the ratings are issued through the Classification and Rating Administration (CARA).

The take-down included over 20,000 live feeds from 26 different websites that were hosting a variety of content involving pornography and violence.

the Canadian prohibited class of articles that are to be legally included as "obscene things" is very broad, including text-only written material, pictures, models (including statues) records or "any other obscene thing.” According to Section 163(8), if "a dominant characteristic of the publication is the undue exploitation of sex, or the combination of sex and at least one of crime, horror, cruelty or violence,” that publication is deemed to be "obscene" under the current law. (1) Every person commits an offence who makes, prints, publishes, distributes, circulates or has in their possession for the purpose of publication, distribution or circulation any obscene written matter, picture, model, phonograph record or any other obscene thing.

However, the film has not been screened because the only cinema that has tried to organize a screening was thwarted by the city council that owned the building's lease.

In 2016, the Ministry of Culture in China censored 23 companies for hosting obscene content online.

In the United Kingdom, the Obscene Publications Acts sets the criteria for what material is allowed to be publicly accessed and distributed.

Stanley Kauffmann's novel The Philanderer was published by Penguin Books in 1957 and was unsuccessfully prosecuted for obscenity. In 1976 the BBFC claimed that, in that year, it had viewed 58 films depicting "explicit rape", declaring scenes that glorified it as "obscene".Delivering the opinion of the court, Chief Justice Warren Burger wrote: The basic guidelines for the trier of fact must be: (a) whether the average person, applying contemporary community standards would find that the work, taken as a whole, appeals to the prurient interest, (b) whether the work depicts or describes, in a patently offensive way, sexual conduct specifically defined by the applicable state law; and (c) whether the work, taken as a whole, lacks serious literary, artistic, political, or scientific value. 486 (1897)", which upheld a conviction for mailing and delivery of a newspaper called the 'Chicago Dispatch,' containing "obscene, lewd, lascivious, and indecent materials", which was later upheld in several cases. 1760, was judged to be obscene in a proceeding that put the book itself on trial rather than its publisher. FCC rules and federal law govern obscenity in broadcast media. Lawrence, Henry Miller, Samuel Beckett, and the Marquis de Sade. Supreme Court ruled that child pornography need not be legally obscene in order to be outlawed. constitutional law concerning obscenity and that governing child pornography is that the Supreme Court ruled in Stanley v. The three dissenting justices in that case argued, "While the sexual exploitation of children is undoubtedly a serious problem, Ohio may employ other weapons to combat it." This is most notably shown with the "X" rating under which some films are categorized.While most recent (2016) obscenity cases in the United States have revolved around images and films, the first obscenity cases dealt with textual works. One of these was "A Book Named John Cleland's Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure" v. Many historically important works have been described as obscene or prosecuted under obscenity laws, including the works of Charles Baudelaire, Lenny Bruce, William S. Obscenity law has been criticized in the following areas: Obscenity laws remain enforceable under Miller despite these criticisms. The Court ruled that in contrast to the types of images considered in Miller, images that depicted underlying harm to children need not appeal to "the prurient interest of the average person," portray sexual conduct in "a patently offensive manner," nor be considered holistically, in order to be proscribed. The most notable films given an "X" rating were Deep Throat (1972) and The Devil in Miss Jones (1973).Finally, in 2000, following the dismissal of a test case brought by the BBFC, hardcore pornography was effectively legalised, subject to certain conditions and licensing restrictions.After 1984 videotape sellers were more likely to be prosecuted under the Video Recordings Act rather than the OPA.By the 1980s the UK was almost the only liberal democracy where the sale of hardcore pornography was still completely illegal, although ownership was not a criminal offence (except child pornography).

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